Liver cancer widely affects people worldwide. The main reason behind liver cancer is when tumors that are cancerous extensively grow inside the liver tissues and the bile. One of the most common liver types is known as Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Cancer that is in the liver is extremely different from the cancer spreading to the liver from other parts. As all other types of cancer, patients have a high percentage of surviving and become fully cured is it is diagnosed in its early stages.
It is normal to have endless questions and doubts if you are diagnosed with liver cancer. This why it is important to sit down with your doctor and allow him to describe the different options and treatments that are available for you. The liver is one of the most important organs in our body which has many essential functions like storing sugar for energy, producing bile, manufacturing proteins, and storing vitamins. The liver is also responsible for breaking down harmful substances which pass through the blood. There are many risk factors which are associated with liver cancer. One of them is liver cirrhosis which is mainly caused by hepatitis infection and consuming large amounts of alcohol.
However, it is normal to develop liver cancer from having these diseases already. The main problem here is that liver cancer can be diagnosed very late which decreases the risk of being treated or from fully recovering. This is why patients who are already suffering from other liver diseases are always advised to undergo screening and physical tests on a regular basis. If your doctors have the feeling that you are in risk, you will have to undergo a blood test screening to evaluate the Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) level in your blood. You might also have to take ultrasounds every 5 to 11 months. If the AFP level in your blood shows irregular results, then their might be a big chance that you are suffering from liver cancer.
The main thing here is that you shouldn’t ignore any strange symptoms. Common liver cancer symptoms include solid lumps on the ribs, pain in the abdomen, shoulder pain, weight loss, jaundice, nausea, and appetite loss. If your doctor has any doubts, he might conduct a CT scan and MRI to ensure the right results. If you also have any unusual nodules, you should get them tested every 3 months. In many situations, the cancer may be detected right away from tests or biopsy. Pathology reports are also very important as you will get to grade the tumors as one or four depending on how strong it is. As the level increases, this means that the tumor is more serious. There is a method used known as staging which is used to identify how and where the cancer has spread. You doctor will use common treatments like surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy depending on the level of the tumor. You should also research the medical institution and doctor you are going through to ensure successful results.