Invasive intraductal ( Intraductal Carcinoma ) is a common breast cancer form which grows inside the breast ducts and the surrounding tissues. In some situations, it can also spread to other parts of the body. It is also referred to as IDC and makes up 80% of most breast cancer. There are different treatments that are used depending on how serious the tumor is and how widespread it is. These treatments include surgeries, systemic treatments, and local treatments.
Lumpectomy is one of the forms of treatment and usually involves surgery procedures that remove cancerous tissues and the tumor. Those who haven’t had the cancer spread into other areas are more likely to undergo a lumpectomy. This is also advised as most breast tissue is kept and removed. Usually, recovery time only take a number of days. Another popular form of treatment for Intraductal Carcinoma is Mastectomy which is also another surgical procedure that involves removing the cancerous tumor and a large part of the breast.
In most cases, 25 percent is completely removed but without destroying the lymphatic nodes or any muscles and tissues. In radical mastectomies, almost all breast tissue and muscles are completely removed. However, this is only used when the tumor is in the late stages and the doctor needs to stop it from spreading to other tissue parts.
Radiation therapy is also another popular form of treatment and is also referred to as radiotherapy. Those who have lumpectomy will have to undergo radiation therapy. It involves the usage of beams that have high energy to completely destroy the cancer cells. The cells and surrounding tissues are also sometimes targeted by the oncologist. In many cases, healthy cells are also targeted to decrease the risk of the cancer returning or spreading.
Chemotherapy is a very important treatment for Intraductal Carcinoma. It involves the usage of anti-cancer treatments and medications that destroy all the cancer cells in your body. It is very effective and has proven to be work efficiently when used with different patients. However, the duration it is given for usually differs from one patient to another and what the stage of the cancer is. It is usually given for periods between three and six months. During this period, patients usually undergo other extensive tests so that doctors make sure that the chemotherapy is efficient and working. Medicines that are used include paclitaxel, cyclophosphamide, and methotrexate.
Hormone therapy is also another common form of treatment. This is because carcinomas are high responsive to different hormones like estrogen and the hormone progesterone. Cancer cells usually have hormonal receptors which when activated, can cause the cancer to grow significantly. This is when the drugs come in effect as they lower the hormonal level and activate the different hormone receptors. Usually, the doctor will carry out different tests to check if the tumors have hormone receptors as this is only works if they do. You should always remember to contact your doctor if you feel any symptoms as this is very important for the treatment process.